Tuesday, June 14, 2011

Today in Labor History—June 14

June 14, 1381 – Wat’s Rebellion continues, with peasant rebels capturing London Bridge and the Tower of London and killing the English Chancellor and Treasurer. (From the Daily Bleed)

Antonio Maceo
June 14, 1848 –Cuban revolutionary and guerrilla leader Antonio Maceo was born (1848-1896). Known as the "Titan of Bronze," Maceo helped defeat the Spanish and win Cuban independence. (From the Daily Bleed)
June 14, 1877 – The First American Flag Day was declared by US government (on this 100th anniversary of the flag’s creation). Howard Zinn said, "There is no flag large enough to cover the shame of killing innocent people." (From the Daily Bleed)

June 14, 1905 – A mutiny broke out on the Russian battleship Potemkin after sailors were shot for complaining about being served maggot-ridden meat. Civilians soon joined the mutineers in revolutionary actions that included the burning of granaries, quays and ships in harbor. The insurrection was part of the 1905 Russian Revolution in which the soviet (councilist) form first appeared. The mutiny was the basis for the seminal film by Sergei Eisenstein, with music scored by Dmitri Shostakovich. (From the Daily Bleed)
Battleship Panteleimon (formerly Potemkin)
 June 14, 1914 – An Italian General Strike was broken through the treason of the Socialists and their trade union, bringing an end to "The Red Week of Ancône." (From the Daily Bleed)
Sheriffs positioning themselves to attack miners during the Battle of Blair Mountain
June 14, 1921 – In West Virginia, which was under martial law due to ongoing violence between miners and thugs hired by the mining companies, state police and vigilantes raided the Lick Creek tent colony. 47 strikers were arrested. Within a few months, much of Southwester West Virginia would be engaged in the largest civil uprising in U.S. history, as 10,000-15,000 coal miners battled cops and scabs. (From the Daily Bleed)

June 14, 1924 – The IWW labor hall was raided in San Pedro, California. Children were scalded in the process and the hall was demolished. (From the Daily Bleed)

June 14, 1928 – Ernesto "Che" Guevara, was born (1928-1967).

June 14, 1964 - Nelson Mandela was sentenced to life in prison in South Africa on this date. (From Workday Minnesota)
Dr. Benjamin Spock (MDC Archives)
 June 14, 1968 – Radical pediatrician and child-care expert Dr. Benjamin Spock was convicted of conspiring to counsel draft evasion. Spock, who was the target of political attacks and repression by the Nixon administration, refused to support the liberal McGovern and instead ran as the candidate of the People's Party. (From the Daily Bleed)

June 14, 2006 – State police attacked 50,000 striking teachers occupying streets Zocalo of Oaxaca. (From the Daily Bleed)

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